Solar charger for Phones – USB Battery

April 15, 2012 — 6 Comments

I know there are plenty of USB chargers out there for you to build. But here’s one that doesn’t use a voltage regulator or an IC chip to power it. The basic concept is to use 4 – AAA rechargeable batteries (1.2V a piece) to power the USB and a couple of solar cells to charge the batteries. If you’ve done the basic math you’re probably wondering how 4.8V (4 x 1.2) is going to power a USB device which requires 5VDC. Well that’s actually how I came up with the idea.

I have another charger I made using a 9V battery and a 5V regulator.  It will charge my iPod until the battery runs low.  When I test the voltage output at the USB with a spent 9V, it will be spitting out 4.7V.  So that’s the cut off point.  4.8V is still within the tolerance for a USB device to charge.  So I tried a 4-cell setup on my breadboard and it worked!  I tested the voltage at the USB socket and (to my surprise) it was at 5.2V.  I put my voltmeter on each battery and they were cranking out 1.3V at full charge.  This is great!  The tolerance of a USB happens to be just right for these four cells.  So the solar part was sort of an afterthought for charging the batteries (they are rechargeable anyway).

If you’d like to try to make one yourself, here’s what you need:

  • 4 – AAA Battery Holder
  • USB Socket (female)
  • Solar Panel (3V output minimum, around 5V max)
  • Blocking Diode (not LED)
  • Some resistors (This is somewhat optional.  You need them if you want your iPod/iPhone to recognize your charger.  I’ll explain exactly which ones to use later.)
  • DPDT Toggle Switch
  • Small Perf Board (Also optional)
  • Soldering Iron

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6 responses to Solar charger for Phones – USB Battery

  1. friend i need help i am new with all this solar stuff and things like that .i have 2 solar panels each 2w 6v 330mA i would like to build a battery charger .i would like to have 2 solar panels from which will current go to some dc to dc component which tnen would charge batteries and than that batteries goes to some usb dc converter ? can you help me make me some skatch ? i have 2 solar panells 2W 6V 330mA each ,6AA batteries i i need some circuits ?please help me

  2. Sir can u send some new creative projects based on embeded system in electronics

  3. I am really impressed by your work bro. I just need a help, for my project I have parallel telephone with auto security, can you help me with this one ? You can directly mail me bro, any kind of help will be highly appreciated.

  4. Being a Beginner, I’m often searching on the internet for articles that can assist me. Much appreciated!

  5. can u give me code and circuit diagram of this project?

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