Archives For Hardware Interfacing

Standard serial interfacing of microcontroller (TTL)  with  PC or any RS232C Standard device , requires TTL to RS232 Level converter . A MAX232 is used for this purpose. It provides 2-channel RS232C port and requires external 10uF capacitors.

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Serial communication is basically the transmission or reception of data one bit at a time. Today’s computers generally address data in bytes or some multiple thereof.  A bit is basically either a logical 1 or zero.  Every character on this page is actually expressed internally as one byte.  The serial port is used to convert each byte to a stream of ones and zeros as well as to convert streams of ones and zeroes to bytes.  The serial port contains an electronic chip called a Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) that actually does the conversion.

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